T-shirt makers use a lot of terms to explain their solutions. The terms are not always dependable and it can help to have a reference guide.
The next is the official Environmentally friendly Guy T-Shirts Information to being familiar with t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/one, 20s solitary: Device of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A conventional spool of solitary-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it normally takes 20 spools to weigh just one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/one. If thirty spools weigh just one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or thirty/one. If it normally takes 40 spools to weigh just one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/one. The larger number implies a finer thread, and therefore a finer, softer material is created. T-shirts made of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have superior drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are employed a lot of strategies, but it really is the number that counts “20s,” “20/one,” and “20 singles” are the exact same. Threads can be twisted with each other into thicker strands. If two 20/one cotton threads were being twisted with each other, it would be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Material: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Despite the fact that rayon is a gentleman-made artificial substance, most authorities agree it is quickly biodegradable. Bamboo material is very smooth and has excellent drape.
Bamboo: Fast expanding plant, categorized as a grass, which can be quickly processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon garments.
Bleach Wash: A system that works by using bleach to soften and distress the search of the material being washed.
Boat Neck: A extremely broad neckline that runs throughout the collarbone place to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where by the broad neck enabled speedy elimination if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s manner remedy to the wife beater. A women’s tank prime, whilst it can be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A approach to eliminate excessive lint and fibers from cotton material. Brushed cotton typically has a extremely smooth, easy complete.
Burn-Out: A system that works by using sulfuric acid or other sturdy acid to “burn up-out” areas of a material knit, typically a polyester/cotton mix. The system provides a see-as a result of, extremely sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on women’s clothes.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and just one carbon atom. Identified as a “greenhouse” gas mainly because of its partnership with global warming. A few t-shirt makers are now measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in production their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Independent firm started in 2001 in Terrific Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief performs with businesses to assistance reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies businesses and solutions as acquiring a “lower carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt businesses now manufacture “lower carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning system that gets rid of brief fibers and eliminates dust and overseas make any difference. Carding can be finished by hand or by large machines applying drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: An additional name for enzyme wash. This provides material a smooth sense and a vintage search, relying on how the wash is finished.
Cellulose: Derived from the mobile partitions of specific plants. Valuable in producing specific varieties of materials, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is in fact rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Cheap Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, applying eighteen/one thread, typically knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have inadequate drapability. Used generally as cheap promotional give-aways.
Weather Neutral: A term employed to explain a corporation, system, or merchandise that has zero effects on the Earth’s weather. A few t-shirt makers advertise their corporation as weather neutral.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and just one carbon atom. Identified as a “greenhouse” gas mainly because of its partnership with global warming.
Colorfastness: The ability of a garment to stand up to many washings with out shedding its color.
Combed Cotton: A approach to eliminate brief fibers and to set up for a longer period fibers parallel to create a easy, good cotton yarn. Combed cotton has large power, excellent uniformity, and superior hand. Combed cotton fees more and is employed in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A system that compacts the space involving cotton fiber pockets. Assists to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a distinctive color than the garment. Provides a awesome structure depth in t-shirts.
Manage Union: An global firm that features certification providers for a assortment of systems–including a lot of organic and natural certification systems. Certifies USDA Natural and organic, as well as GOTS (International Natural and organic Textile Normal).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, extremely a little stretchy material with a easy flat confront and a more textured but uniform again. Normal fat for every yard is about five.five to 6 ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are made of cotton jersey. Great cotton jersey is typically smoother and has a lighter fat for every yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that is the most popular in the planet for materials. Cotton fibers are typically ½ to 2 inches prolonged. Lengthier fibers make finer cotton material. Types this kind of as Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding one.five inches, are more very valued than regular types.
Crew Neck: A round shut-fitting neckline. Most common neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a brief entire body to it made to expose the midriff place.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mainly on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This form of stitching provides durability and a cleaner, more completed search.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a material hangs. A material like bamboo rayon has excellent drape, while a coarse material like burlap has extremely tiny. T-shirts that have great drape qualities sense nicer to wear.
Fall Tail: A garment that capabilities a for a longer period again than front.
Eco-Pleasant: Exceptionally loose term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically assessing a merchandise. Favorite term employed by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its prolonged length of fiber. Attire made with accurate Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity founded in 2000 to assistance individuals who suffer most from environmental abuses this kind of as pesticide poisoning, drinking water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash system applying specific enzymes to make a smooth complete and easy search to a material. Ages dyes to create a specific search to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is bodily less severe on the material in contrast to stone washing.
European Minimize: A design of t-shirt that is narrower than what just one usually finds. For instance, a total minimize men’s t-shirt, measurement large, typically runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured just one inch down below the sleeve). A men’s large European minimize will operate about 50 percent an inch to one inch narrower, often more.
Material Dyed: Material dyed before being minimize and sewn into a completed piece of garments.
Good Labor Association: A nonprofit firm committed to ending sweatshop ailments in factories globally. Is effective to build Code of Labor Tactics, specifically crucial in the attire enterprise where by doing work ailments have traditionally been so inadequate.
Good Put on Basis: An global team committed to maximizing garment workers’ lives all above the planet. Is effective with businesses that make garments and other sewn solutions and that get accountability for their offer chain.
Great Cotton Jersey: Knitted, extremely a little stretchy material with a easy flat confront and a more textured but uniform again. Great cotton jersey is typically smoother and has a lighter fat for every yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made with good cotton jersey have a superior drape and sense than regular t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and larger cotton thread, and weighs about four.three ounces for every square yard.
Equipped Minimize: Definitions range, but typically a fitted minimize refers to a minimize that flatters the entire body. Used generally in women’s t-shirts, the center portion of the shirt will be tighter than the prime or bottom. General, the shirts operate narrower than a standard total minimize.
Whole Minimize: A generous, roomy minimize. In t-shirts, tubular styles are typically considered total-minimize, but there are exceptions. Whole Minimize differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slender Cuts, and Equipped Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Outfits dyed immediately after it has been minimize and sewn into a completed article of garments.
Garment Washed: A system where by completed article content of garments are washed, typically with additional softeners to increase the sense and search of the material.
GMO No cost: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First employed in the 1990s when customers turned fearful about genetically modified foods. Lots of businesses now implement the GMO absolutely free label on almost everything from foods to pure materials, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for International Natural and organic Textile Normal. A challenge of the International Doing work Team. They have developed expectations to assure organic and natural status of textiles, from the harvesting, production, and labeling, in get to offer a credible assurance to the finish purchaser. An organic and natural t-shirt that fulfills the expectations can be GOTS certified.
Environmentally friendly: Generic term employed by marketing gurus to advertise solutions. An additional preferred term of “green-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon with out any genuine dedication.
Environmentally friendly-Washing: Get off on the term “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Firms that green-wash are having to pay lip-service to environmental worries to bring in more enterprise, but have not taken any genuine steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way a material feels to the touch. A material that feels smooth and easy is considered to have a great hand.
Hemp Material: Hemp, or Hashish sativa, has been employed for material for 1000’s of yrs, mainly as an industrial material. More recent processing solutions have made it appropriate for finer garments, and now it is employed in a lot of garments article content, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Equivalent to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (often up to five buttons are employed, but that is unheard of). A Henley can be both brief or prolonged sleeved.
Ice Wash: A approach of stone washing where by the stones are 1st soaked in a answer of potassium permanganate. This approach creates a frosted visual appearance to material.
Interlock Knit: A form of knit that is extremely smooth and has a great drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, more stretchy than Jersey knit, but less stretchy than rib knit. Used in extremely good clothes.
Jersey Knit: Usually identified in t-shirts and is the most sturdy of knits. It is light-weight fat, and has good vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named immediately after the British Island in the English Channel. Great cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with good cotton threads this kind of as 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up material were being made. There are a lot of varieties of knits. Jersey Knit is normally identified in t-shirts and is the most sturdy of knits. It is light-weight fat, and has good vertical ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have heavy ribs running down the material, while interlock knits are employed in extremely good materials. T-shirt collars are typically rib knit.
Muscle mass Shirt: Sleeveless design t-shirt, but not precisely a tank prime. Fundamental t-shirt, just with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is considerably broader than an regular tank prime.
Neck Tape: A slim strip of material sewn above the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck place. It addresses the seam and seems superior than an uncovered stitch. Frequently referred to as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek one hundred: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which assures customers that the attire they acquire is chemical absolutely free and poses no threat to their well being. Beneath the Oeko-Tex conventional, garments ought to be absolutely free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other poisonous chemicals.
Natural and organic Attire: A term extremely loosely used in the garment sector. It can imply anything from one hundred% organic and natural to as tiny as 6% organic and natural. Frequently combined with terms like Eco-Pleasant, Environmentally friendly, and so on. Individuals ought to test the labels and confirm the resources employed to see if something is genuinely organic and natural or not.
Natural and organic Cotton: Cotton grown with out the use of pesticides. Accredited organic and natural cotton has been inspected to insure it genuinely is organic and natural.
Natural and organic Soil Association: Established in 1946 by a team of farmers, scientists and nutritionists anxious about the partnership involving farming procedures and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Natural and organic Soil Association pioneered the 1st organic and natural expectations in 1967, and certifies farms and firms that meet these expectations.
Overdyed: A system where by previously dyed clothes or materials are dyed with an added color to create a unique search.
Performance T: Title for t-shirts created for athletes and outdoor fanatics. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor command abilities. Lots of effectiveness Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can also be one hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking homes, have grow to be acknowledged as effectiveness t-shirts, whilst they do not dry as fast as effectiveness t-shirts made of one hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Marketed this way to t-shirt customizers who want to create their have search with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A form of dye that makes a washed out, distressed search.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. in the early 1900s to contend with Egyptian cotton. It capabilities for a longer period fibers and is employed generally in good men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima will come from the Pima Indians, who helped with the 1st crops of the new cotton as it was 1st grown in the U.S.
Pique: A approach of knitting that makes a waffle-form, good textured surface area. Used generally in polo shirts.
Polyester: Guy-made fiber created from artificial polymers. Used extensively in attire, specifically combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the system of pre-shrinking material before it is minimize and sewn. Occasionally it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Outfits that has been preshrunk shrinks less the moment the customer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, even so, specifically if dried applying a garments dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Design of t-shirt that includes sleeves that operate directly to the collar. Normally the sleeves are a contrasting color from the entire body. Raglan sleeves are broader underneath the arms, and are favored by wearers who want highest independence of movement. Baseball t-shirts typically function a raglan sleeve design.
Rayon: Guy-made fiber that works by using plant cellulose as its principal ingredient. Rayon is extremely smooth, has excellent drape, and is extremely absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the material. Rib knits are typically categorized as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you know the width of the rib in contrast to the space involving. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit implies the space involving each and every rib is the exact same width as the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit implies the ribs are 2 times as broad as the spaces in involving. Rib knit is extremely stretchy and is generally employed for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The ongoing spinning final results in a softer sense and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous shades.
Sand Wash: Refers to applying sand while washing a garment or material to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: An additional term for silicone washed, which creates a extremely easy and smooth complete to material, and also provides the material great draping homes.
Scoop Neck: Vast, carefully curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very light-weight fat jersey knit, weighing about three.nine ounces for every yard. A tiny stretchier than good jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A slim strip of material sewn above the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck place. It addresses the seam and seems superior than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Normally refers to cotton attire and the amount it can be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but four-five% shrinkage can still be anticipated.
Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at each and every aspect underneath the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are more high-priced to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to applying inert silicone in a washing system. Provides a extremely easy and smooth complete to material, and also provides the material great draping homes.
Singlet: a different term for a men’s tank prime.
Slender Minimize: A design of t-shirt that is narrower than what just one usually finds. For instance, a total minimize men’s t-shirt, measurement large, typically runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured just one inch down below the sleeve). A slender minimize will operate about 50 percent an inch to one inch narrower, often more.
Stonewashed: A washing system that works by using lava rocks or often silicon and rubber balls. This approach makes material softer and provides it an aged or distressed search. From time to time bleach is employed in this system.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by slim shoulder straps and no sleeves. The name came from the early term for swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” but a slim strip of material sewn above the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck place of t-shirts. It addresses the seam and seems superior than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Design:A design that has no aspect seams the entire body of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are less high-priced to manufacture, and make up the bulk of the more cost-effective t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No conventional definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, but typically talking a unisex t-shirt is made of lighter fat, good cotton jersey, aspect seamed, and not minimize as total as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves are not additional brief, like cap sleeves, but are not total elbow lengths both. The entire body length is typically medium/prolonged. Nonetheless, there are broad variants in unisex t-shirts, relying on the maker.
Uzbekistan: Previous U.S.S.R. satellite that turned unbiased in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton output solutions, which involve compelled boy or girl labor and environmentally destructive procedures. Ethical attire businesses boycott Uzbekistan cotton even so, a lot of businesses will not treatment and have refused to sign up for in the boycott mainly because Uzbekistan cotton is cheap.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle design of neckline. Can be deep or shallow, relying on the design. Normally favored by women of all ages, but a shallow design v-neck is popular amid adult males.
Viscose: Usually a different name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Body weight: Normally expressed ounces for every square yard. A five.five ounce fat cotton material implies that just one square yard will weigh five.five ounces. Great jersey cotton materials typically have lighter weights, while coarser cotton materials have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory term for a men’s tank prime t-shirt. Normally refers to a standard white tank prime.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that is dyed before it is woven into a material.